The following three health claims for docosahexaenoic acid DHA and eicosapentaenoic acid EPA are permitted:
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) contribute to normal heart function. This positive effect occurs with a daily intake of 250 mg of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
DHA or docosahexaenoic acid contributes to the maintenance of normal brain function. This positive effect occurs with a daily intake of 250 mg of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) contributes to the maintenance of normal vision. This positive effect occurs with a daily intake of 250 mg docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
Differences in vegan omega-3 oils With vegan omega-3 sources, a distinction must be made between different types of omega-3 fatty acids.
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) This plant-based omega-3 is obtained from flaxseed, chia seeds, linseed oil or walnuts, for example. Unfortunately, only 2% to 5% of these omega-3 fatty acids can be converted by the human body into the important EPA eicosapentaenoic acid and DHA docosahexaenoic acid fatty acids.
Although the valuable ALA omega-3 fatty acids from linseed oil and chia seeds are a good supplement to a healthy diet, they are not sufficient for a sufficient supply of eicosapentaenoic acid EPA and docosahexaenoic acid DHA due to the low conversion rate.
Vegan omega-3 from algae oil Omega-3 algae oil is extracted from the mircoalga Schizochytrium and contains a lot of natural vegan docosahexaenoic acid DHA and also some eicosapentaenoic acid EPA.
The importance of docosahexaenoic acid DHA and eicosapentaenoic acid EPA can be seen from the fact that 250 mg of docosahexaenoic acid DHA per day helps to maintain normal vision. Eicosapentaenoic acid EPA and docosahexaenoic acid DHA are even more important for heart function. Here too, 250 mg of docosahexaenoic acid DHA and eicosapentaenoic acid EPA per day are sufficient to support normal heart function.
Docosapentaenoic acid DPA New scientific studies have probably shown that another polyunsaturated fatty acid from the group of omega-3 fatty acids is important in this context. The omega-3 fatty acid docosapentaenoic acid DPA is increasingly regarded as a new and very effective omega-3 fatty acid. Previously, docosapentaenoic acid DPA was thought to work in conjunction with eicosapentaenoic acid EPA and docosahexaenoic acid DHA. However, more recent studies show that docosapentaenoic acid DPA also performs its own important functions in the body.
Docosapentaenoic acid DPA is otherwise only found in fatty fish (especially herring, mackerel, tuna, salmon and sardines), fish oil, cod liver oil and meat. Omega-3 algae oil is an alternative and vegan source of the important docosapentaenoic acid DPA.
All three polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids play an important role in the functioning of our body. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
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